Abigail Banerji 22 January 2020 17:40:58 IST
The corona virus is a new virus that started in China and is now threatening to become a global epidemic. While the immediate risk of contamination is low, the situation can change at any time. The virus was first announced in December and has claimed nine lives to date . However, the number of infected people increases every day.
About the Virus and Its Origin
The Coronavirus is a family of viruses that can cause many mild to life-threatening diseases. It is the cousin of the more popular severe acute respiratory syndrome virus (SARS) and the Middle East Respiratory Syndrome virus (MERS). Most of these viruses attack animals and do not spread to humans. However, there are seven strains of this virus that can affect humans. The symptoms are cough, fever, shortness of breath and difficulty breathing. In severe cases, the condition can lead to pneumonia, kidney failure, and even death. There is currently no vaccine against the new virus .
🔹What is a #Corona virus ?
oWhere do they come from?
🔹How can I protect myself?
̵1; WHO Jordan (@WHOJordan) January 22, 2020
The virus is said to have originated on the Huanan fish wholesale market in Wuhan Province in China just as many of the infected people worked or visited this area. The WHO and Gao Fu, director of the Chinese Center for Disease and Control, said that an animal is most likely the main source of the outbreak but did not find the animal in question. Around 62 cases of coronavirus have been identified in the city of Wuhan.
"All of the six human coronaviruses, including those that caused severe acute respiratory diseases, were from wild mammals," said Gao in a report in the China Daily .
After the connection between the epidemic and the market was made, the authorities closed the market to curb the spread.
A new coronavirus in China that has killed nine people is adapting and mutating, highlighting the challenges for health authorities to fight the outbreak. https: //t.co/0dZLq8R433 pic.twitter.com/fXjaMvpLU0
– Reuters (@Reuters) January 22, 2020
Gao said that the virus is constantly adjusting and mutating the co makes controlling the outbreak a challenge for the authorities.
Some of the infected patients who refused to visit the market fell ill with other people who had visited Ground-Zero , The virus can spread through human-to-human contact and also through airway transmission .
Wuhan City Council has released information about a couple who have contracted the virus. The man who got sick first worked in the market, but the woman denied any exposure to the place. Some medical professionals, such as the nurse and the doctors treating the infected, have also reported that they have been infected. So far, 15 doctors have been infected.
Read also: Everything you need to know about the new corona virus, the mystery virus from Wuhan, China
What is China trying to contain the outbreak?
The Chinese government does not want the SARS epidemic to be repeated from 2002 to 2003. It started in mainland China and spread all over the world. Around 774 people were killed and around 8,098 people infected in 37 countries. The source of the virus was later traced back to caved horseshoe bats in the southern Chinese province of Yunnan.
This time, China is trying to nip the virus and particularly curb the spread of the virus since there has been an increase in travel, both domestically and overseas, as are the Lunar New Year holidays.
With over 440 reported pneumonia cases (at the time of publication of this article), a report was published in According to China Daily the country adheres to the strategy of early detecting, diagnosing, diagnosing the outbreak treat and quarantine . The country's CDC says the outbreak can be reversed if the right measures are taken to control it now.
"We identified the new corona virus just two weeks after the outbreak was reported and it is very good at virus monitoring and quarantine measures," said Zhong Nanshan, head of a team run by the National Health Commission and one Respiratory experts were organized in an interview with China Daily . "I think the outbreak will have no impact on society and the economy that SARS (severe acute respiratory syndrome) had 17 years ago."
China has a three-tier system that classifies the severity of the epidemic. Corona virus is currently classified as Class B. With the death of a fourth person in China, the country's preventive measures in Category A were tightened.
Public gatherings in Hubei Province are discouraged to prevent further spread. Chinese airlines offer passengers – who are prevented from leaving Wuhan, Hubei Province – full refunds for their tickets . The flight crew of Cathay Pacific Airways in Hong Kong is instructed to wear masks during their operations on the Chinese mainland to protect themselves against the infection with the virus. They also allow passengers to change or cancel their flights free of charge by February 15th.
Demand for face masks in China increased tenfold due to the outbreak of the virus . Online providers such as Taobao and JD have been freed from their inventories for the masks. Other medical delivery services have also seen an increase.
Also read: The new corona virus is spreading in Japan and Thailand. causes deaths in China again
India's response to the virus
With uncertainty about the virus and due caution, the Indian health minister has asked states and union areas to "review their results readiness, investigation of gaps and strengthening of core capacities in the area of monitoring, laboratory support and especially hospital readiness with regard to isolation and ventilation management of patients with severe respiratory diseases. “
The Airport Health Organizations in Delhi, Mumbai and Kolkata have put up signs in prominent places informing the public about the self-disclosure of diseases. Hospitals connected to these airports have been screened for provision of isolation and intensive care facilities, according to the statement.
According to PTI the National Institute of Virology in Pune is ready to test samples of the virus and 10 other laboratories under the supervision of the Indian Council of Medical Research The network of research and diagnostic laboratories is also equipped for the tests.
The Ministry of Health asked for the details of those who have applied for an Indian visa since December 31, 19459007.
"The Ministry of Health also wrote to the Ministry of Foreign Affairs to provide details of travelers from Wuhan City who have applied for a visa to enter India since December 31, and applicants for the visa application to advise – The Ministry of the Interior will be contacted regarding a visa, "says the statement.
India has issued a travel warning to its citizens who are visiting China after a second person has died from the virus.  008] The statement states: "Infection with a novel corona virus has been reported from China. By January 11, 2020, 41 confirmed cases were reported."
International response to the outbreak
in countries outside China has seen cases of people infected with the virus, and they all have one thing in common: They recently visited the country.
South Korea's disease control and prevention center (KCDC) said a 35-year-old woman identified with the virus . It flew from Wuhan, China, to Incheon International Airport in South Korea on January 19, and was isolated on arrival.
On January 8, a traveler from Wuhan from The authorities in Thailand identified as ill were hospitalized . The person was hospitalized and is currently recovering from the disease.
Japan has also reported a case of the virus . A person traveling to Wuhan Province got a fever on January 3. While he was not visiting any of the virus' ground zero sites, he was in contact with a person with pneumonia. He was released after being treated for the virus.
An Indian teacher living in China also became infected with the virus. She is being treated in the intensive care unit and is currently in a ventilator. The doctors said it could take a long time for her to recover.
On January 18, officials from the United States Centers for Disease Control and Prevention announced that they would begin to investigate travelers from China's city of Wuhan. They measure temperatures and ask about the symptoms of passengers at five airports: Kennedy airports in New York, Los Angeles, Chicago, Atlanta and San Francisco .
On January 20, a man from the state of Washington was diagnosed with the virus after traveling to China, his hometown. He is the first American victim to contract the disease and, according to Reuters he is in a "satisfactory condition". CDC officials are also looking for people who have come into contact with the man to look for symptoms. However, they have not found any other patients.
According to AP Dr. Martin Cetron of the CDC: "So far the risk to the American public has been assessed as low, but the CDC wants to be prepared and takes precautionary measures." 19659008] Other Asian countries are also beginning to search travelers for the virus that comes from China.
The World Health Organization tweeted that it had called an emergency meeting. A panel of experts, Director General Tedros Ghebreyesus and representatives of the countries affected by the virus will meet on Wednesday 22 January to discuss "whether the outbreak is an emergency of international public health concern" and how it should be handled ,
The Emergency Committee for the novel #coronavirus (2019-nCoV) will consider whether the outbreak is a public health emergency of international interest and what recommendations should be made to address it .twitter.com / dFpOkM0CSN
– World Health Organization (WHO) (@WHO) January 20, 2020
A public health crisis is usually declared for epidemics They are very strict and can cross international borders. As a rule, they need international cooperation. On previous occasions, global emergencies for crises have been reported, including the ongoing Ebola outbreak in the Congo, the appearance of the Zika virus on the Americas in 2016 (19459006), and the Ebola outbreak in West Africa in 2014 (19659008). The Foreign Ministry spokesman said that the Chinese will exchange information about the pneumonia caused by the virus as set out in a report by the China Daily .
The WHO published a guideline for all countries in which they explained how to prepare for the outbreak and how they can monitor, maintain and control the spread of this virus.
The health organization also stated that no restriction of travel traffic is necessary because the risk of spreading viruses is low.
Further information will be provided after the meeting.
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