FP trendSep 10, 2020 4:52:24 pm IST
By 2050, there is a risk that more than a billion people will be displaced worldwide due to the climate crisis and rapid population growth.
This estimate was made in a recently published report by the Institute for Economy and Peace (IEP), an organization that develops global indexes of terrorism and peace every year. Using data from the United Nations and other sources, the institute calculated exposure to eight environmental threats in 1
According to a report by The guardUp to 1.2 billion people lived in 31 countries that are not resilient enough to withstand environmental threats. The 19 largest nations, most at risk of food and water scarcity, are also among the 40 least peaceful countries in the world.
A total of 141 countries will face at least one environmental threat by 2050, the report said. Regions south of the Sahara, South Asia, the Middle East and North Africa are likely to be hardest hit. India, along with China, topped the list of water shortages.
Pakistan, on the other hand, probably has the largest number of people at risk of mass migration, followed by Ethiopia and Iran. This was because the team believed that “small environmental threats and natural disasters” would be enough to drive the displacement of a large part of the population.
Mass displacement is also triggered by massive population growth. Countries like Nigeria, Angola, Burkina Faso and Uganda are at the greatest risk in this regard. Steve Killelea, the founder of the IEP, said developed countries will also suffer “enormous social and political impacts” as displacement will lead to more refugees in those countries.
“Ecological threats pose great challenges to global peace. In the next 30 years, the lack of access to food and water will only increase without urgent global cooperation. Without action, the unrest, unrest and conflict will most likely increase, ”he said.