Mongabay-India 10. December 2019 16:26:50 IST
As the first week of the fortnightly 25th Conference of the Parties (CoP25) to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) in Madrid comes to an end, "climate emergency" is the key word that emerges from the narratives and highlights the need for immediate, effective action to deal with climate change around the world. Even before the State and Environment Ministers of the participating countries meet in the second week, the message is that the climate in extreme weather events is not changing gradually, resulting in a global emergency-like situation.
Climate catastrophes such as floods and storms have been the main causes of internal displacement over the past decade, forcing more than 20 million people every two seconds ̵
According to the report, 80 percent of displaced people in the last decade live in Asia – home to more than a third of the world's poorest people. "Cyclone Fani triggered the expulsion of nearly 3.5 million people in Bangladesh and India in May 2019, most of which were evacuated as a precautionary measure," the report said. The international non-governmental organization concluded that people living in low-income countries were and low middle incomes such as India, Nigeria and Bolivia are more than four times more likely to be displaced by extreme weather disasters than people in richer countries.
An analysis of the Internal Displacement Monitoring Center (IDMC) also revealed this month that up to 50 million people could be displaced by floods by the end of the century  The Global Climate Risk Index 2020 of the German think tank Germanwatch analyzes the extent to which countries and regions are affected by the weather. The report reports the extreme precipitation events and floods in Kerala, the cyclones Titli and Gaja which devastated the East Coast, heat waves and water stress all over the country. However, the report addresses direct impacts and does not take into account indirect impacts such as food shortages or slow events such as coastal erosion, which are compounded by sea-level rise.
Multiple extreme weather events can affect the resilience of communities.  Sanjay Vashist, director of Climate Action Network South Asia an environmental NGO, said: "Depending on the capabilities of the region and the community, people may possibly an extreme event or twice, but if it happens the third time and they survive, their resilience will break, forcing them to leave their country. "
Vashist, who participates at the COP25 in Madrid, said:" Forced migration costs people's livelihoods, children's education is hampered, health and social security are at risk, women are becoming more vulnerable … climate change widening the gap between rich and poor , "
The World Organization for Meteorology (WMO) Secretary-General Petteri Taalas kicked off the preliminary statement on the state of the global climate in 2019 & # 39 ;, said, & # 39; By 2014 there was a declining trend in hunger, but since then there has been an increase. In the long term, this (hunger) could be the biggest challenge of climate change.
The report shows that the average temperature of the globe in 2019 has risen by 1.1 degrees Celsius compared to pre-industrial times.
The Paris Agreement, adopted by 187 countries, aims to combat climate change by reducing carbon emissions and keeping global warming well below 2 degrees Celsius above pre-industrial levels during this century. There is a consensus today to keep the temperature rise below 1.5 degrees Celsius.
Greenhouse gas emissions from industrialized countries have been the main reason for accelerating climate change since industrialization. Poor and vulnerable nations are pushing for the support of wealthy countries as compensation for their historical damage.
After more than 20 years of negotiations, the Warsaw International Mechanism (WIM) for Losses and Damages was founded after 2013 at COP19 to address the unavoidable loss and unavoidable damage associated with the effects of the climate are connected to tackle. It covers the effects of extreme weather events and events involving slow onset in poor, vulnerable and developing countries, as well as the displacement of communities.
Reducing Greenhouse Gas Emissions Continues to Be a Key Agenda for Climate Negotiations and the Green Climate Fund Helping developing countries to limit or reduce their emissions and adapt to the effects of climate change will also help Target of $ 100 billion not reached. One of the topics that will be the focus of attention during the next negotiation days is the financing and management of climate change WIM.
IPCC Report 1.5C published last year, states that "the average present value of the costs of warming in 2100 is 1.5 ° C and 2 ° C (including with climate-related costs) -induced market and non-market impacts, sea-level impact, and large-discontinuity implications are $ 54 and $ 69 trillion compared to 1961-1990, respectively.  More discussion, less funding
Based on estimates of the cost of losses and damages in developing countries, a report published by Civil Society Review suggests new and additional funding of $ 50 billion and minimum of $ 300 billion by 2022 To provide USD by 2022 2030.
The WIM taskforce on eviction provides advice on preventing, minimizing and combating displacement caused by climate change. At the beginning of October this year, she presented a work plan approved by WIM.
ActionAid's Global Climate Lead Harjeet Singh said, "The work plan covers the aspects of knowledge-sharing and knowledge-sharing, awareness-raising and other aspects, but it lacks much in terms of funding."
The Oxfam Report "Forced from Home" (also forced from home) emphasizes the lack of progress made by developed countries in helping poor countries to cope with the effects of climate change.
"Finances and support were one of the five mandates for WIM, and if that fails, all of the other four efforts and achievements will go down the drain," Vashist said.
The WIM review, which took place on December 1, presented a report a day before the start of the climate summit Progress report proposing to establish 'an implementation group for action and support comprising a technical facility, a financing facility and a foreclosure facility'.
Damage continues and the design goes through various iterations next week, so the case is waiting to see how the world reacts to the "climate emergency."
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