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Huawei, sanctions and software: everything you need to know technology



Why is Huawei on the news?

His Chief Financial Officer Meng Wanzhou, who is also the founder's daughter, was arrested in Canada on December 1 and has to be extradited to Iran for excusing sanctions against the US. The sanctions of the Obama era prohibited the sale of certain telephone systems.

What is Huawei doing?

It is the world's largest provider of telecommunications equipment, with sales of 603 billion yuan (GBP 67.7 billion) in 201

7 and a profit of 47.4 billion yuan (GBP 5.3 billion). Part of it is doing the network equipment that gets mobile towers running, the network switches that connect the phone networks, and the software that controls them. Since 2015, Ericsson and Nokia, the two main rivals, are oversold and much larger than ZTE (another Chinese company) or the South Korean Samsung, which also poses a challenge in this area. It is also one of the three largest smartphone makers in the world, which rivaled Apple for second place, which it claimed in the past two quarters.

Where are his devices used?

His network devices are used almost everywhere – but not in the US, who have banned their 5G kit. Australia and New Zealand are taking similar steps, explaining that it can not be used in 5G networks. In the UK, BT widely uses Huawei systems, but not in its central network.

Is the Meng arrest linked to the US trade war with China?

No. The arrest appears to be related to the alleged sale of Huawei equipment in Iran, breaking US sanctions. American suspicions of inter-company sales were raised in 2016 after ZTE's documents became known. They talked about a company code-named "F7" that, like ZTE, sold equipment to sanctioned countries like Syria, North Korea, Cuba and Iran. Further details in the documents indicate that "F7" is Huawei.

What does Huawei say about F7, claiming it violated sanctions?

Huawei says it "complies with all applicable laws and regulations, including applicable export controls, and sanctions laws and regulations of the United Nations, the United States and the EU."

Are sanctions the only bad news?

In the UK alone, BT is removing the Huawei systems from the core of the EE mobile network, which was bought in 2016, and MI6 chief Alex Younger said last week that the UK must decide "in the extent to which we feel at home "with Chinese companies that have technologies such as the upcoming super-fast 5G networks.The concern is that the ability to install and actually control the installation of infrastructure by foreign companies is one thing Would allow attack at a time of increased tension.

Have ever enemy inf structural attacks committed?

In December 2015, Ukraine suffered a major power outage, killing 230,000 people as a result of a cyber-attack on its power plants, sown by targeted phishing e-mails that have invaded their computers; Russia was accused. In 2015 and 2016, state hackers working in North Korea stole millions of dollars by breaking into Swift's electronic banking system in Bangladesh.

Why are countries so affected?

There is a danger that Huawei has installed a "back door". Network software (or could be forced to do so) that would allow covert surveillance or control – or even destruction – of telephone networks that are naturally accessible over the Internet. So when Huawei devices are used, the only protection is to make sure the software is secure for the network.

How to check if the software is safe?

Since 2010, Huawei has reached an agreement in an agreement with BT to provide an Oxfordshire office called "The Cell" in which the code can be reviewed by a team of GCHQ experts. Recently, however, The Cell has been criticized because one can not be sure that Huawei will load the same code on the machines he installs elsewhere. "The code you're reviewing may work fine, but how do you know that the BT network will end up being rated?" Said Professor Alan Woodward of the University of Surrey the BBC last week. The worst scenario is "backdoor espionage," he added.

What does Huawei say about these concerns?

Huawei has repeatedly said that such fears are exaggerated that local laws are respected it would not pass user data to China. His Australian chairman, John Lord, said a command to hand over user data to the Chinese government was "completely illegal" and it was assumed that Huawei was blocked by the 5G network and described it as "short-lived and petty". [19659021]
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