Mongabay-India 6. December 2019 13:45:06 IS
Do you have a family or friends who celebrate the arrival of their newborn? Wondering what to give the baby? How about an environmentally friendly environment? Young people around the world are seeking a future that is safe from the effects of climate change. A new report now confirms that these Fridays for the future climate change strikers have every reason to fear.
The latest research findings published in The Lancet warn against climate change already endangers the health of children around the world and threatens lifelong impact if the world does not combine In order to achieve the goal of the Paris Agreement to limit the rise in global temperature to well below two degrees Celsius above pre-industrial levels.
In India, Air Pollution is Particularly Dangerous Outdoor particulate matter (PM2.5) contributed over 529,500 premature deaths in 2016. More than 97,400 of these deaths were attributable to particle emissions from coal. Coal's total energy supply, however, has continued to increase, rising by 11 percent from 2016 to 2018, according to a report in India. This year schools in Delhi and neighboring regions were closed for several days due to dangerous air pollution.
Worldwide premature deaths due to ambient particulate matter (PM2.5) were 2.9 The total number of premature deaths from air pollution in 2016 was seven million. High exposure to contaminated air in early childhood is extremely harmful as children's lungs are still developing and polluted air can lead to decreased lung function, worsening of asthma and respiratory distress. Health experts have identified a high risk of heart attack and other diseases ,
According to the report, a child born today breathes more toxic air throughout its adolescence into adulthood, fueled by fossil fuels and exacerbated by rising temperatures and heat, resulting in extreme weather events such as severe flooding, prolonged drought and forest fires.
Stella Hartinger, co-author of the report, from the Peruvian Cayetano Heredia Univers The way the world is going today will irrevocably mark the future of our children.
"We need to listen to the millions of young people who led the wave of school strikes to take urgent action. It will require the work of 7.5 billion people alive to ensure that the health of a child born today is not determined by a changing climate, "Hartinger said in a statement.
& # 39; The Lancet Countdown on Health and Climate Change is a comprehensive annual analysis that tracks progress on the basis of 41 key indicators and identifies actions to achieve the objectives of the Paris Convention – or of the Convention "Business as usual" – benefits for human health include the World Health Organization (WHO), the World Bank, University College London and Tsinghua University.
Research has shown that infants with rising temperatures carry the greatest burden of malnutrition and rising food prices. For example, the average yield potential of corn and rice in India has fallen by almost two percent since the 1960s, and malnutrition accounts for two-thirds of deaths under the age of five.
According to the Indian government, child mortality among children under five, due to a variety of causes, including malnutrition and pollution-related diseases, was 39 per 1,000 in 2016.
The effects of air pollution are worsening
Poornima Prabhakaran of the Public Health Foundation of India the co-author of the India Policy Brief attached to the Lancet Report said that in the past 50 years of public health gains soon reversed by the US government could reverse climate change.
"Over the past two decades, the Indian government has launched numerous initiatives and programs to combat a variety of diseases and risk factors. But progress made in areas such as maternal mortality and child mortality could be repressed by, among other things, climate change in a normal scenario, "said Prabhakaran.
She told Mongabay-India, "If you bring children, there is a sense of urgency. The fight against climate change can not be considered separately from the fight against health. They are intertwined.
In view of the updated nationally agreed contributions under the Paris Agreement to be presented by 2020, health aspects should be included in the interventions proposed by India, with particular attention to vector-borne diseases, food security and nutrition and energy policy, said Prabhakaran, citing the policy brief.
Of the deaths in India in 2017, 1.24 million deaths, equivalent to 12.5 percent of total mortality, could be attributed to air pollution, a paper from said. Initiative on disease burden at state level in India .
According to atmospheric researcher Sagnik Dey, who has not been linked to the report, a key factor in air pollution is that the risks increase with increasing age of the population.
Even if pollution does not increase, the strain will increase due to population growth and population aging. Against this background, it is important to understand that in the future, pollution will increase in the usual scenario, "Delhi told Mongabay-India. 19659004] In a study by Dey and colleagues in 2019 they warned that improving access to sanitation for children in rural areas could potentially lead to a shortage of scarcity. Their study found that exposure of fetuses and newborns to outdoor airborne pollutants (PM 2.5) is significantly related to childhood size deficits. This could undermine the benefits of Swatch Bharat, the national sanitary campaign.
In an earlier interaction with Mongabay-India, population researcher Dean Spears of the Department of Economics and Population Research Center of the University of Texas at Austin investigated the "Asian mystery" Why Indian children (mainly in rural India) are shorter than poor African children has brought to the point that children's health due to air pollution in India needs attention because the problem does not get better but gets worse.
Among the political interventions of the Indian government, the Ministry of Health has formed a Steering Committee, which has recently published a report on a multi-sectoral approach to combating air pollution. In addition, the Indian government earlier this year has unveiled a National Clean Air Program (NCAP) for the entire Indian region to implement efforts to tackle the growing problem of air pollution
. "One can hope that these efforts will spur on cross-sectoral mitigation measures in the future to create a cleaner India, just as the political interventions following the Great London Smog event of 1952 have made London one of the cleanest cities in the world to do, "said Dey.
Lancet's Study Further Reveals 133.6 billion potential hours of work were lost in 2018 as a result of rising temperatures and heat waves, 45 billion hours more than in 2000. In India, since 2000, 22 billion additional hours of work have been caused by extreme heat including 12 billion alone in agriculture, which is the backbone of the country's economy.
Children who are more susceptible to infectious diseases due to climate change. It is noted that rising temperatures and changing climate patterns have made children more susceptible to disease.
For example, dengue fever, caused by climate change, is the fastest-spreading mosquito-borne viral disease in the world, with nine out of the ten most appropriate years for the transmission of dengue fever since 2000 gone by.
The number of cases and deaths from dengue fever has also been steadily increasing in India over the past two decades. Originally restricted to the level, dengue fever is increasingly occurring in the hilly regions, and vector suitability in the western and northeastern Himalayan states is increasing, according to the accompanying Indian Policy Brief.
In the Himalayan states of Himachal Pradesh, Uttarakhand, Manipur, Mizoram, Nagaland, Sikkim and Tripura, cases have increased 15 to 20 times since 2013. Similar trends were observed in the southern states of Tamil Nadu and Tamil Nadu Kerala, according to the policy brief.
Similarly, climate change is altering the spatial and seasonal patterns of malaria and threatening India's progress in combating the disease, said Prabhakaran on parasite development and on disease transmission. Based on the transmission window criteria, malaria is expected to continue in Orissa, West Bengal and the southern parts of Assam north of West Bengal in the 2050s. Some new states, including Himachal Pradesh, Arunachal Pradesh, Nagaland, Manipur and Mizoram, may be prone to malaria in the north and northeast. The burden will shift primarily from the Central Indian region to the southwestern coastal states of Maharashtra, Karnataka and Kerala.
Compliance with the objectives of the Paris Agreement determines the health of future generations.
The report emphasizes this aspiration The Paris Convention to limit global warming to well below two degrees Celsius below pre-industrial levels allows a child born today to grow up in a world that will become zero-emission on its 31st birthday – and secure one healthier future for future generations.
But if the world takes a well-established path, with high carbon emissions and continuing strong climate change, a child born today will face a world warmed by more than four degrees on average 71st birthday that threatens her health at every stage of her life ,
The authors of the report called for the health impact of climate change to be highlighted The agenda at the United Nations Climate Change Conference (COP25) next month. Prabhakaran said that children and young adults addressing these important issues worldwide have contributed to and have taken note of increased public and political awareness.
Children and young people make up 30 percent of the world's population. More than 99 percent of deaths – which are already due to climate-related changes – occur in developing countries, and more than 80 percent of these deaths occur in children, such as the 2014 UNICEF report "Climate Change Challenges: Frontline Children & # 39; 39; emphasized.
The recent UNICEF report highlighted the background of climate change, loss of biodiversity and environmental degradation, and warned that an alarmingly high number of children are suffering from the consequences of poor nutrition and a food system failure with you.
Faced with this inequality in terms of climate impacts and the threat to the environment, youth activists around the world have vigorously protested the government's inaction against the climate change climate in recent years. In the recent protest, 16-year-old Swedish climate activist Greta Thunberg led thousands of people in 150 countries into global climate strikes on Friday, September 20, 2019.
Eleven-year-old Indian climate activist Ridhima Pande who led the march in Uttarakhand, summed up, "I want a better future. I want to save my future. I want to save our future. I want to save the future of all children and all people of future generations.
More stories and analysis on the UN Summit COP25 Can be found here
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