More than a thousand Smart City Pilots have been launched worldwide – many of them are trying to escape from the & # 39; tabula rasa & # 39; an empty slate to construct completely new cities with new identity.
new cities can simply be put into the landscape like a grounded extraterrestrial spaceship built from the first day, with due regard to technology. However, equipping existing urban centers with state-of-the-art technology poses a completely different challenge.
Cities, shaped for centuries by the demands of different civilizations and where horses once pulled carriages, are gradually becoming one of smarter [1
If These Old Cities Are To Successfully Override, The Strategist Proposes Smart Cities Renato De Castro must preserve the city's DNA – with new technologies woven into the historic fabric of the city in a way that respects the old spirit of the place.
"People have a deep connection to their cities, even deeper than to province, region or country," says De Castro in an interview with BDJ.
"Understanding the unique DNA of the city and translating it into a strategy for developing a smarter city is critical to the success of a project. Citizens do not want a new city, they want a better city to live on. "
Amsterdam is a city that should be two meters underwater, according to all the rules of nature, and at the same time has a unique heritage and a tendency to innovate. to use a complex system of dykes, barriers and dams to protect the population from the ubiquitous threat of flooding. Elegant Victorian facades and cobbled streets give the feeling of being transformed into an artifact. It is a city feeling that the city council's Smart City department hopes to preserve as it integrates the sensors needed to integrate the city into the next generation.
These sensors provide the data that feed the smart city's digital infrastructure and fuel the energy An analysis process that ultimately leads to urban development.
Embedding such sensors into historic water pipes, electrical wiring, traffic signals and roads can be as complex as brain surgery in a place like Amsterdam. It can cause the city to be closed during operations, disrupting the city's daily life and possibly changing its character forever.
To get around this, Amsterdam relies on a different fuel source for its Smart City engine: Apps. The Apps for Amsterdam initiative should encourage developers to create applications that provide information to a public data pool and keep citizens up to date on a range of topics – from air quality, to sanitation in restaurants, to threats to the public Security] Mijnbuur App – translated as MyNeighbour – is one such app that adds a smart element to WhatsApp groups in the neighborhood. This will allow local residents to discuss local issues while being able to invite city officials and even police officers into the conversation to resolve more serious issues and alert them to city issues by taking a photo with GPS metadata record and send directly to the authorities.
While the use of data-generation applications can overcome the difficulties of implementing a new digital infrastructure, the processing and storage of this data still raises questions that current systems can not always find an answer to.
The most appropriate – when data is generated from a private application and returned to a government source who can become the owner of that data and who should be able to use it to advance its agenda?
In many cities that store data from smart city projects, the companies that collect the data must then design the data in accordance with GDPR Principles of data minimization. As these data drive the development of the Smart City, their destruction can be counterproductive.
"Even a simple infrastructure like a street lamp, which in the past could have been built by the private sector and financed by the public, raises new problems if it is available Clever. Add WiFi access points and systems to collect anonymized data and raise new private / public issues. "Says the expert Gary Sharkey who supports PwC in developing a strategy for smart cities.
Smart Cities Building on the greenfield can create a structure to manage this data from scratch. If these new cities are in more authoritarian regimes or in less privacy-sensitive jurisdictions like China, they have little incentive to ensure proper management of the data.
Otherwise, historic cities that are subject to the democratic process are confronted with the conflict of building a digital infrastructure that allows data to be collected and shared as openly and efficiently as possible.
This continues to provide citizens with the greatest possible control over their personal data in accordance with the principles of the GDPR, eg. Data portability and the right to be forgotten. Smart Cars firm Sharkey proposes that cities that upgrade their digital infrastructure must first "fix their data center" and draw attention to the efforts of the European Union to create new vehicles that bridge the public and Private sector to effectively manage data.
These vehicles contain an "intelligent city operating system".  FIWARE claims to be a "common set of smart city solution development mechanisms". This software is designed to intervene in city-level governance and break down data into silos that prevent mixing of public and private data, but also provide a holistic view of what's happening in the city.
At the core of this software is a novel idea, the so-called data market, which is essentially the equivalent of the 21st century marketplace. It allows the chargeable transfer of sensitive private data and the sharing of public open source data that is freely available for the benefit of all .
This is based on Big Data, Cloud Computing, and Smart City technology to create an interface that makes it easy to buy and sell data.
And it is this convergence of technologies – combined with human ingenuity and historical sensibility – that can pull ancient cities into the 21st century without damaging our architecture legacy or violation of our innate right to privacy.