A plethora of reports have confirmed that you are not paranoid. Minority report was non-fiction, and Complexion is not just an art project. We hear how law enforcement agencies can compare our faces with photos from our hands Social media profiles and monitor us through neighbors Doorbells. The almost weekly updates make us shudder, and we put them together with too many instances to rattle them in a blog post. Usually it is up to the advocates of privacy to monitor this constant surveillance and bring the violations to justice. But now the Electronic Frontier Foundation has produced one slightly filtered national map of implemented monitoring instruments – although the EFF is in the descriptionthe map is just the “tip of the iceberg”.
The 5,300 data point map shows 12 types of surveillance used by law enforcement agencies, including license plate readers, face recognition, cellular simulators, drones, and Amazon Ring video sharing partnerships with local law enforcement agencies. The EFF hired hundreds of journalists and researchers, whose expansive search includes public records from journalists and nonprofits, government documents, publisher publications, news articles, and meeting minutes. The USA looks like a terrible infestation on the map.
The EFF notes that you should take the card with a grain of salt. “To go through with thousands of data points,” he reads Methodology page“It is impossible to thoroughly review everyone, despite multiple reviews by students and staff.” Facial recognition, in particular, is said to be difficult to understand since local governments often start and stop programs that affect them. It is also noted that research is limited to information provided by government agencies and reports that may be inaccurate. The map is also not a complete picture of any place where you could possibly be monitored at any time. Instead, jurisdictions are shown that use these technologies.
We can assume that the data reflects only a few pieces of information that police authorities prefer to hoard until the local government takes them off. For example, the map shows surprisingly few data points in Manhattan and Brooklyn that could change as New York City in the coming year equipment A new measure that finally obliges the NYPD to share basic information about surveillance technology. And most states have few or no laws regulating the use and monitoring of face recognition (although numerous Cities to have forbidden it), so far Microsoft, IBM and Amazon have said they will stop selling facial recognition technologies to law enforcement agencies until they are better regulated (or until a year is overwhichever comes first).
Interestingly, the map shows that different areas prefer different types of surveillance. Ring cameras seem to be very popular in the suburbs of Chicago and Dallas. License plate readers are large in urban areas; rural areas seem to prefer drones.
There are gaps to be closed: The data shows only a handful of contracts with Clearview AI, the gold medalist for invasive facial recognition technology, which are largely composed of news reports, although the New York Times has reported that more than 600 law enforcement agencies started using it in 2019. Some things are simply impractical or impossible to track down. As EFF Senior Investigative Researcher David Maas said WiredThe students would “never find cell site simulators” on the Texas border.
If you want to see another point on the map, you can do so Volunteers help.